Neighborhood Seed Financial institution Initiative locates and restores heritage rice varieties in Tamil Nadu


About 20 heritage rice styles of Tamil Nadu are being traced, collected, redistributed and benefited greater than 500 farmers within the state by way of a minimum of 10 neighborhood seed banks.

A crop of hybrids has prompted most small and medium farmers in Tamil Nadu to lose their heirloom seeds, which had been as soon as historically owned by their neighborhood ancestors. These varieties had been acknowledged for his or her distinctive dietary, medicinal and ecological properties and, above all, for his or her local weather resilience. Genetic degradation of heritage and indigenous gene pool of paddy varieties, lack of information on therapeutic/remedial properties of indigenous present varieties, lack of entry to their seed inventory, is a problem to the sustenance and way forward for agriculture and human well being in Tamil. Nadu.

These Neighborhood Seed Banks have been established in 24 districts – Ariyalur, Chengalpattu, Coimbatore, Dharmapuri, Dindugul, Erode, Kancheepuram, Karur, Madurai, Mayiladurai, Nagapattinam, Pudukottai, Ramanathapuram by figuring out farmers on location foundation with the assistance of native NGOs. has been promoted. , Ranipettai, Salem, Sivagangai, Tenkasi, Thanjavur, Thoothukudi, Tiruvannamalai, Thiruvarur, Tiruchirappalli, Villupuram and Viruthunagar.

A distinguished farmer cultivates one to a number of conventional varieties in his discipline, a portion of which, when harvested, is distributed with or with out fee to different farmers in neighboring areas and districts. It’s an off-the-cuff construction with voluntary participation. A seed financial institution capital of Rs. 2000 distributed to every beneficiary farmer to strengthen the heritage rice neighborhood seed banks.

The Sastra Deemed to Be College initiative with the help of the Science and Heritage Analysis Initiative (SHRI) program of the Division of Science and Expertise (DST) is reviving, preserving and characterizing conventional rice varieties.

The working rules of those banks embody reminiscence banking of ethno-ecological information, promotion of medicinal information and related cultural perception in addition to particular agronomic properties by way of their conservation., Regional festivals additionally assist promote the trade of seeds. For instance, the paddy seed trade competition – ‘Nel Thiruviza’, organized with CREATE- a Tiruvarur-based NGO, has labored to distribute heritage rice seed varieties like Karuppu Kauni, Thuya Malli, Mapillai Samba, Karunkurvai and so forth. helped in

Throughout the paddy seed festivals, distinguished farmers can voluntarily distribute seeds of those conventional varieties on the charge of 1-2 kg/farmer to a whole bunch of farmers freed from price. As well as, farmers from throughout the state are allowed to go to the standing crops of those varieties. They impart in regards to the availability and high quality of those varieties by way of apps and on-line media.

Area gene banks have been established for propagation of heritage varieties by way of seed trade packages and natural seed multiplication. Farmers are educated on conservation strategies and methods to complement and regenerate indigenous heritage germplasm as nicely Apart from Experimental scale testing for local weather adaptability within the farmer’s discipline.

Initiatives to gather and protect conventional land of rice varieties will assist in sharing and exchanging information about varieties with inherent potential to face up to local weather uncertainties, drought and flood resistance, medicinal and dietary properties can. As soon as details about these native native rice varieties spreads past the small areas the place they’re restricted, farmers can take part in stopping the erosion of information. This initiative can deliver sustainable yields for all rice primarily based farmers within the face of local weather change uncertainties. Preserving ‘seeds of the previous’ to protect ‘seeds for the longer term’ could also be inspired for upgradation within the years to return.



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