‘AI’ sowing seeds for clever farming”


GS Paper 3

syllabus: E-technology to assist farmers.

Supply: Instances of India, Stay Mint

Reference: There have been 2-3 totally different articles in numerous newspapers about the identical matter of AI, we’ve got mixed all of them.

route: AI is essential for each Mains and Prelims. Perceive the subject mentioned (might notice some factors)

John McCarthyAmerican pc scientist first launched the phrase to the world “Synthetic Intelligence” on the Dartmouth Convention of 1955,

standing,

  • In keeping with NITI Aayog, AI has the power so as to add $1 trillion for India’s financial system by 2035, And, in accordance with some consultants and academicians, a major a part of will probably be within the agriculture sector.

Software of AI in Agriculture

  • Environment friendly and value efficient sources And yield administration in agriculture sector.
  • allow sensible agriculture: it refers to Use of applied sciences such because the Web of Issues, sensors, location methods, robots and synthetic intelligence in your farm,
    • AI, cloud computing, satellite tv for pc imagery and superior analytics, together, can create an ecosystem for sensible agriculture.
  • prediction evaluation: Primarily based on the seasonal forecast mannequin will guarantee the best attainable yield.
  • Detect supply-demand mismatches in actual time. For For instance, a supply-demand engine or predictor that may map provide and demand can cut back this concern considerably.
  • precision farming By figuring out whether or not pesticides and weedicides needs to be utilized by detecting and concentrating on weeds within the designated buffer zone.
    • it might probably result in Increased yield and fewer use of pesticides and weedicide.
  • extension providers: AI-based pure language translation supplies farm-advice, climate forecast, and early warning issuance and dissemination for drought in a number of native languages.

Challenges:

  • lack of correct infrastructure extra info, perception in conventional kinds of working, lack of information and lack of farmer capital,
  • fragmentation of land It will probably additionally show to be a hindrance to large-scale implementation of recent applied sciences.

measures taken:

  • ICAR Initiative for Cyber ​​Agro-Bodily ProgramsTo make Indian farming a viable, self-sustaining and internationally aggressive enterprise.
  • NITI Aayog Identifies agriculture as one of many focus areas as a part of its nationwide technique for AI.

State:

  • KarnatakaHas partnered with a number one multinational firm for agricultural produce, price-related info and intelligence utilizing predictive modeling
  • Uttar Pradesh India is collaborating with Invoice & Melinda Gates Basis (BMGF) and Tata Trusts to ascertain agritech Incubation Community at IIT-Kanpur
  • Maharashtra has launched Maha Agritech VentureIt goals to advertise the use and use of satellites and drones to unravel varied agricultural issues.

conclusion,

it’s excessive time that collaborative agriculture-data stack are created and MSMEs and huge firms make investments on this sector. Requires the correct mix of partnerships from private and non-private establishments,

AI in Biology

Reference: alphabetical DeepMind Applied sciences Just lately the 3D buildings of greater than 200 million proteins have been predicted. generated by AI System AlphaFoldIt goals to assist researchers perceive how proteins – the constructing blocks of life – can fold.

Protein: estimated to be within the human physique 20,000 to over 100,000 distinctive sorts Proteins every have a selected perform inside a cell. they’re product of protein Lengthy chains of 20-22 various kinds of amino acids Peptides (quick chains of amino acids) are linked by bonds. Their sequence determines how the protein chain will fold itself right into a 3D construction.

Significance of Folding: Folding permits the protein to undertake a practical form or construction. If researchers can predict how proteins fold, they could study higher about how cells perform and the way misfolded protein could cause ailments. AlphaFold makes use of AI to foretell a protein’s 3D construction from its amino acid chain, which helps Find out how the cell capabilities, and speed up the invention of associated ailments and medicines.

Accountable AI 2022 for youth

Reference: Launched by Nationwide e-Governance Division (MEIT) and Intel India

goal: To Enabling College College students (Lessons 8-12) with AI Expertise In an inclusive method by unique fingers on studying and mentoring alternatives.

Different Initiatives:

  • AI. nationwide program on
  • airavat(Synthetic Intelligence Analysis, Analytics and Data Assimilation Platform) – Cloud Computing Platform
  • AI. nationwide technique for
  • working committeeSet up digital knowledge banks, marketplaces and exchanges to make sure availability of cross-industry info
  • Nationwide Synthetic Intelligence Mission

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robotics in agriculture

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Q. Synthetic Intelligence will revolutionize the agriculture sector in India. Remark critically. (15m)

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With the present state of improvement, synthetic intelligence can successfully do which of the next?

    1. Scale back energy consumption in industrial items.
    2. Create significant quick tales and songs.
    3. illness analysis.
    4. Textual content-to-speech conversion.
    5. Wi-fi transmission {of electrical} power.

Choose the right reply utilizing the code given beneath :

(a) 1, 2, 3 and 5 solely

(b) 1, 3 and 4 solely

(c) 2, 4 and 5 solely

(d) 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5

Reply: D



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